Preferred Sample Type


Suitable Specimen Types

  • EDTA Whole Blood
100 ul whole blood minimum

Specimen Transport

No special requirements.

Sample Processing in Laboratory

Place in Trace Element rack in Send Away Fridge.

Sample Preparation

None required

Turnaround Time

1 week

Sample Stability

4 oC


General Information

Cadmium (Cd) is a byproduct of zinc and lead smelting. It is a common pigment in organic based paints and is used in the production of nickel-based rechargeable batteries and tobacco products. Breathing the fumes of acdmium vapours leads to nasal epithelial damage and pulmonary congestion resembling chronic empysema.

A common source of chronic exposure to Cd is spray painting of organic based paints without the use of a protective breathing apparatus and as such, automobile repair mechanics represent a work group that has significant oppertunity for exposure to Cd.

Toxicity of Cd resembles other metals in that it effects the kidney. Renal dysfunction with proteinuria of slow onset (over a period of years) is the typical presentation.


Patient Preparation



Moderately increased blood Cd may be associated with tobacco use

Urine Cd is not normally measured unless blood Cd is elevated


Reference Range

Cadmium (blood) (CAD)






Significant Exposure


Source, SAS Trace Element Laboratories Update 2018


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HTA licence number is 12366

Protection of Personal Information – Laboratory Medicine comply with the Trust Data Protection Policy and have procedures in place to allow the Directorate and it’s employees to comply with the Data Protection Act 1998 and associated best practice and guidance.

The Trust Laboratories at Heartlands Hospital, Good Hope Hospital and Solihull Hospital were awarded UKAS (United Kingdom Accreditation Service) accreditation to the internationally recognised ISO 15189 standard in May 2015. For a list of accredited tests and other information please visit the test database
Tests not appearing on this scope are either under consideration or in the process of accreditation and so currently remain outside of our scope of accreditation. However, these tests have been validated to the same high standard as accredited tests and are performed by the same trained and competent staff.

For further information contact Louise Fallon, Quality Manager, 0121 424 1235